Rules for triathlon and duathlon


The timed events offered as part of the XTERRA Québec 2018 Festival are endorsed by Triathlon Québec. The rules of the Federation are therefore those that will apply during your race. The following is a (non-exclusive) summary of these regulations:


  • Isothermal combination not permitted above 22 degrees Celsius
  • Mandatory isothermal combination below 14 degrees Celsius
  • Civilized driving during the swimming portion
  • No outside assistance is allowed during the swimming portion
  • No aid allowing better propulsion is allowed (fins, etc.)
  • A swimmer can do some on-site, or swim with the style of his choice
  • A swimmer has the right to stand after an official boat in the event of a problem, as long as this aid does not help forward movement


  • No embarkation on the bicycle in the transition zones (boarding and descending must be outside the transition zone)
  • The helmet must be worn at all times during the bike portion. The helmet must be looped before taking the bike on the bike rack and must remain looped until the bike is replaced on the bike rack
  • No outside assistance is allowed during the bicycle portion
  • The rules of good conduct are required
  • Unlike Triathlon Québec regulations for road triathlon, drafting is allowed in the XTERRA events.

Safety on the bike course

The bike course is a moderately technical course composed mainly of single tracks. The course will be composed of fast racers, but also slower. So that everyone can enjoy the race and have a good experience, please respect the following basic rules:

  • Overtaking must be done in a civilized way: in general the slower runners keep the right (where possible) and overtaking is done by the left;
  • Before passing, please clearly indicate your intentions to the rider in front of you (eg indicating your intention to pass, if possible: “I pass by the left” or “when possible I pass by the left”). In this way the less rapid rider will be able to foresee the place where he gives way to the quickest;
  • A rider on his bike in a technical section or single track must give way to the fastest only when possible. No rider has the obligation to stop rolling or to risk an accident to allow a faster rider to pass.
  • Faster runners must exercise vigilance and common sense when passing. It is the safety and enjoyment of all!

Only the mountain bikes in good standing are accepted on the course. No other type of bike (cyclocross, hybrid with handlebar, etc.) is accepted. The handlebar end caps must be closed. A rider who presents himself on the day of the race with a bicycle that is not in order may be refused participation in the event. In case of doubt, please inform us in advance at:

No outside assistance is allowed during the bicycle portion. However, a participant taking part in the same event has the opportunity to assist another participant (eg helping to repair, lending equipment, etc.). Any participant must complete the bike course with his / her bike on pain of disqualification. A participant has the right to finish the bike course next to his / her bike (for example due to a break), but must wear his helmet at all times. Failure to comply with these rules may result in a penalty or disqualification.

Any refueling is prohibited on the course outside the areas identified for this purpose. It is the safety of the participants to respect this rule. In any case, especially for the bike portion, when you want to refuel, please keep the right-hand side as you approach the refueling areas and indicate your intention to stop or slow down. In cases where there are many riders at the refueling area, it is strongly advised to stop in order to avoid any unfortunate incident. The time lost by an incident will be quickly compensated by a stop of a few seconds or minutes to refuel.


  • The race bib is mandatory for the race portion
  • No outside assistance is allowed during the race portion

Time limit

The time limits are indicated on the page of each event.



19.1. General:

a.) Cross Triathlon consists of swimming, mountain biking (MTB) and cross-country running;

b.) Cross Duathlon consists of cross-country running, mountain biking (MTB) and crosscountry running.

19.2. Distances:

a.) The distance of Cross Triathlon is outlined in Appendix A;

b.) The distance of Cross Duathlon is outlined in Appendix A;

c.) The course should have demanding hills and challenging technical aspects. A 5% tolerance margin will be accepted for the distance of the bike course, provided it has been approved by the Technical Delegate.

19.3. Official Training and Familiarisation:

a.) Official training and familiarisation sessions will be conducted by the Technical Delegate and the Local Organising Committee. Athletes and coaches may attend these official training and familiarisation sessions; b.) Conduct on race days: Athletes are not allowed to warm up or do any course familiarisation while a race is in progress.

19.4. Mountain Biking Conduct:

a.) The maximum tyre diameter for the MTB is 29 inches. The minimum cross section is 1.5 inch;

b.) Front and rear wheels may have different diameter;

c.) Studded and/or slick tyres are allowed;

d.) Athletes are allowed to push or carry the bike over the course;

e.) Drafting is allowed; for safety reasons it may be forbidden to pass other athletes before entering the transition area. Lapped athletes will not be removed from the race;

f.) Clip-ons are not allowed;

g.) Traditional road handlebars are forbidden;

h.) Traditional MTB bar ends are authorised. Ends must be plugged.

19.5. Running Conduct:

a.) Spike shoes are allowed.

19.6. Coaches Stations:

a.) Coaches will have a designated space available on the bike and run segments in order to supply athletes with their own food and beverages.